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"Online Competitors Opportunity for Arts and Crafts"
Art and craft convey the inner feeling of the artist. Art is a talent
which each person has to discover and it is the indication of the changing
time, ideas, thoughts, science, technology and overall culture of the land
concern. Craft, on the other hand, has much more to do with working with
hands and involves skill, technique, and practice.
Wood carving could be defined as cutting and carving the wood in a desired
way. Carving means design or cutting by chipping away at a surface. It is
necessary to first identify the texture of wood before the process of
carving is initiated. Wood used for carving can be classified into two
kinds, namely, hardwood and softwood.
Hardwood -refers to wood that is obtained from deciduous broadleaved
trees, which shed their leaves annually. Examples of hardwood trees are
teak, oak, rosewood, sandalwood, walnut etc.
Softwood- it comes from trees bearing cones, most of which are evergreen.
It is ideal for carving, since it is easy to cut, doesn't splinter, glues
well and is good for laminating. Softwood includes pine, cedar, and fir
Wood carving Techniques
There are various techniques to carve wood. Wood carving may be broadly
classified into four types:
Relief Carving: it is a type of wood carving that is basically a two
dimensional carving, used for things like wall plaques and household
Chip Carving: it is one of the oldest and simplest types of wood
carving. This is a method of literally removing chips from the wood to
form a design or geometric pattern. Chip carving is used to decorate many
household items such as music boxes, spoons, hope chests, beams, borders
Carving in the Round: It is a three dimensional type of wood carving.
This type of wood carving opens the door to every tool you can imagine and
any kind of wood. Some of the more popular figures to carve are birds,
people and fish.
Whittling: Whittling is the art of taking a piece of raw wood and
carving it into shapes by using a knife. It is reminiscent of a "simpler"
A set of tools is extremely essential to carve wood into desired shapes
and designs. The most common tools used by craftsmen to carve Wood:
Carving knives are basic carving tools. They are available in various
shapes and sizes.
Chisels have a cutting edge, and are forced into the Wood to produce
carved patterns. Square and skew are the two kinds of chisels.
Gouges are chisels with a partly cylindrical blade. They have curved
Rasps and files are used for detailed carving. They have separate
conical teeth, and are excellent for shaping decoys.
Grinding Tools are also called Rotary tools, these are one of the most
commonly used and preferred tools. Grinding tools should be used in
ventilated areas as they generate a lot of dust.
V-tools are known as parting tools, have cutting edges in the shape of a 'V'. V-tools are used to make sharp incisions and fine carving.
The wood carving helps to develop creativity and imagination by seeing the
world around us and its tradition. The creative process itself gives us
many aesthetic experiences and the final effect gives us a huge
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